Introduction To Passover - Unleavened Bread Study

 (Frank Brown, Unity Conference, Cisco, TX 8-3-02)

“In order to conserve time for other speakers, please allow me to highlight my presentation with this cover sheet/introduction. I request that you take home a copy of the study, so that you may give it the attention that I think it deserves. If we are right, and I sincerely believe we are, then we as a group need to make some changes in the way we have been keeping Yahweh’s annual High Holy Days, particularly Passover and Unleavened Bread.

I submit to you that we have been observing Passover on the wrong night, and thereby neglecting to keep the true Night to be much Observed, as Yahweh commanded.

In every instance of Scripture, when “even” or “at even,” or “between the evenings” is used, it refers to the day ending, and never to the day beginning. Cite Lev. 23:27-32 for example. All other references are the same. I have appended 31 of them to the end of this study. There are more. Thus, Lev. 23:5, just like all the others, means at the end of the 14th.

The usual belief is that the Israelites killed the Passover lamb at the END of the 13th, between sunset and dark, and cooked and ate it that same night, then spent the entire next day, the 14th, “spoiling” the Egyptians before leaving either that same night, or early the morning of the 15th.

A careful reading of Scripture shows that this is not possible for these reasons:

1. YHWH promised Moses that when they left Egypt he would give them favor and they would collect their wages (Exo 3:21-22).

(Exo 3:21-22 KJV)  "And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty: {22} But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians."

He reiterated this promise in chapter 11, before the last plague.

(Exo 11:1-3 KJV)  "And YHWH said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt ; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. {2} Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. {3} And YHWH gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt , in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people."

So we see that they HAD ALREADY done this, BEFORE the death angel passed over them. Many versions of Scripture render Exo. 12:35 “had done” instead of “did” (NRSV, NKJV, etc.). They were thrust out, and had no more favor after the first-born were found dead. Why else were they to eat the Passover fully dressed for travel, and with their staff in their hands, if they were not to leave for another 12 or 24 hours?

(Exo 12:39 KJV)  "And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual."

2. The “Night to be Much Observed” IS the night they ate the Passover meal, and then they left the very next morning. Compare Exodus 12 with Numbers 33.

(Num 33:3 KJV)  "And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians."

(Exo 12:41-43 KJV)  "And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of YHWH went out from the land of Egypt . {42} It is a night to be much observed unto YHWH for bringing them out from the land of Egypt : this is that night of YHWH to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. {43} And YHWH said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:"

The subject of this section of Exodus 12 is the Passover and the exodus that immediately followed - not 24 hours later, but immediately following Pharaoh’s edict for them to get out. And they left later that same morning.

Findings borne out in New Testament Gospels.

The accounts of the Last Supper in the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) are ambiguous. Many versions of these three accounts quote Yahshua saying emphatically that He will not partake of the Passover until He takes it anew in the Kingdom. He WAS our Passover sacrifice, and was to die the next day at the very time when the Passover lambs were being slain in the Temple .

The gospel of John has it right - John 13:1 says:

“Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Yahshua knew that His hour was come….” He sat down with His disciples.” This WAS the beginning of the 14th, the start of the Preparation Day.

Then he continues with his account of the events of that fateful night and following day.

(John 18:28 KJV)  "Then led they Yahshua from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover."

(John 19:14 KJV)  "And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!"

(John 19:31 KJV)  "The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away."

The “Preparation Day” for a High Day or a weekly Sabbath, is ALWAYS the day before. So we know that this day upon which He died was the 14th of Abib, and the next day, the High Day, was the 15th.

And He died at about 3 PM, the exact time the lambs were being killed in the Temple ; the exact time the lambs had been killed from time immemorial; the exact time the lambs were killed in ancient Egypt the afternoon before the exodus of the Israelites.

All these Scriptures absolutely point to the Passover  having been killed about mid-afternoon on the 14th, and being eaten later that same evening, on into the 15th. There is no other way they can logically be understood.

It is my hope and prayer that each one of you will, after prayer for insight and enlightenment, give this matter the attention it deserves, if for no other reason than to try to prove me wrong. But try to lay aside your preconceived notions and biases, and make a sincere effort to be guided ONLY by the relevant Scriptures.

Brethren, study this paper and Search the Scriptures to see if these things be so! If they are, then we need to make some changes. Praise YAH!